The Evolution of Smartphones: From Brick Phones to Foldable Screens

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The world of smartphones has come a long way since the first-ever cellular phone was launched in 1973. From bulky brick phones to slim, sleek smartphones with foldable screens, the evolution of smartphones has been remarkable. The demand for these devices has grown exponentially, with almost 3.8 billion people using smartphones globally in 2021. This article will take you through the journey of the evolution of smartphones, from the early days of cellular communication to the latest foldable screens.


The introduction of cellular phones in the 1970s marked the beginning of a new era of communication. These phones were bulky and expensive and only available to a limited number of people. The first cellular phone call was made in 1973 by Martin Cooper, who was working for Motorola at the time. The phone weighed almost two and a half pounds and had a battery life of just 20 minutes.

The 1980s: The First Mobile Phones

The 1980s saw the emergence of the first commercially available mobile phones. These phones were significantly smaller and lighter than the first generation of cellular phones. The phones became more accessible to the general public, and more people started using them. The most notable phone from this era was the Motorola DynaTAC, which was popularly referred to as the ‘brick phone.’ This phone was launched in 1983 and weighed almost two pounds. It cost almost $4,000 at the time and had a battery life of just one hour.

The 1990s: The Rise of Flip Phones

The 1990s was the decade of the flip phone. These phones were more compact and stylish than their predecessors. Flip phones had a clamshell design, with the phone’s body folding in half to protect the keypad and screen. These phones were also the first to introduce features such as predictive text and games. The Motorola StarTAC was one of the most popular flip phones of this era.

The 2000s: The Emergence of Smartphones

The 2000s saw the emergence of smartphones, which were the most significant technological advancement in the mobile phone industry. Smartphones combined the functionality of a computer with the convenience of a phone. The first smartphones had limited features such as email and basic internet browsing. However, with the introduction of Apple’s iPhone in 2007, smartphones became more sophisticated and more accessible to the general public.

The 2010s: The Age of the Touchscreen

The 2010s was the age of the touchscreen smartphone. Touchscreens replaced physical keyboards, making phones slimmer and sleeker. The introduction of the Android operating system in 2008 allowed for more competition and innovation in the smartphone market. The Samsung Galaxy series and Apple’s iPhone became the most popular smartphones of this era.

The 2020s: The Era of Foldable Screens

The 2020s have seen the introduction of foldable screen smartphones. These phones have screens that fold in half, making them more compact and portable. The Samsung Galaxy Fold and Huawei Mate X were the first foldable screen smartphones to be launched in 2019. These phones have become increasingly popular, and more manufacturers are now producing their own versions of foldable screen smartphones.


The evolution of smartphones has been remarkable. From the bulky brick phones of the 1980s to the foldable screen smartphones of today, smartphones have come a long way. The demand for these devices has grown exponentially, and they have become an essential part of our daily lives. The future of smartphones is exciting, and we can only expect more innovation and advancements in the years to come.


  1. What was the first mobile phone? The first mobile phone was the Motorola DynaTAC, which was launched in 1983.

  2. When were smartphones first introduced? Smartphones were first introduced in the 2000s, but they became more sophisticated with the launch of Apple’s iPhone in 2007.

  3. What is a foldable screen smartphone? A foldable screen smartphone is a device that has a screen that can fold in half, making it more compact and portable.

  4. Are foldable screen smartphones durable? Foldable screen smartphones are designed to be durable, but they are still relatively new technology and may be more prone to damage than traditional smartphones.

  5. What can we expect in the future of smartphones? We can expect more innovation and advancements in the future of smartphones, including improvements in battery life, processing power, and camera technology.

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